Junior Cert Geography

Junior Cert Geography helpful information:

General Information

Geography

In Geography you will study about places, people and what shapes the environment. You will learn how the environment influences people, and how they change the environment.You will develop your ability to draw and understand maps,graphs and diagrams, as well as studying photographs and collecting information outside the classroom through fieldwork.

What will I learn in Geography?

Some of the things you will learn include:

  • where people live (the human habitat) and why they live there (population and settlement patterns)
  • the natural world and what influences and shapes it
  • the world of human activities and what influences and shapes it
  • how to get and use information from different sources such as textbooks, maps, photographs, graphs, diagrams, newspapers, DVDs and the Internet.

How will I learn Geography in school?

Some of the things you may do with your teacher and your classmates are:

  • work on your own, but also share information with others
  • collect useful information related to Geography both inside and outside the classroom
  • learn and use important geographical terms
  • learn how to read a map and find your way
  • draw diagrams of natural and man-made geographical features.

How can I learn more about Geography outside of school?

Some of the things you may do are:

  • watch news reports and documentaries on TV and DVD
  • research subjects from books, newspapers and magazines at home and in the public library
  • use the Internet to research places and people
  • observe differences in the landscapes when on holidays
  • write to or e-mail people your own age in other countries
  • do your homework!

How will I know how I am getting on?

Your teacher will let you know:

  • what you did well
  • where you need to improve
  • what you could do to improve.

Other things you may do are:

  • ask a friend to look at your work
  • look back over your work to see how you have improved.

What is the Geography Junior Certificate exam like?

In the examination, you will answer twenty short questions in the first part of the paper, and three questions requiring longer answers in the second part.There will be questions on map-reading, and on explaining photographs, diagrams and charts. There is also an optional field-study project.

You can take the exam at Higher or at Ordinary level. When the time comes to decide, your teacher will help you choose the level that suits you best.

Is learning Geography anything like what I did in primary school?

In primary school, you have studied Geography as part of SESE.You have also learned about many geographical ideas through studying the local, national and global environment. Junior Certificate Geography builds on these geographical ideas.

Will Geography have anything to do with other subjects I will be studying?

In your studies of Geography, you will develop your communication skills as you would in English. You will study tables and draw graphs as in Mathematics.Geography, like Science, is concerned with the environment.Geography and CSPE both include themes such as care for the environment and issues concerned with the unequal division of the world’s wealth and resources.

How will Geography be useful to me?

Everybody uses geography in their daily lives. When you think of where to go on holiday or wonder what tomorrow’s weather will be like, you are thinking geography.When you look at an atlas map, or a town plan, or a weather map, you use what we learn in Geography.

Geography prepares you for careers in town planning, outdoor pursuits education, weather forecasting,tourism and transport.

Geography keeps you informed of topics which arise in conversation, current affairs, newspaper reports, and on TV,such as climate change,renewable energy and aid to poorer nations.

Will Geography be very different after the Junior Certificate?

In Leaving Certificate Geography,some of the topics will be familiar and will be covered in much greater detail. New topics will also be introduced such as regions of the world. There is also a geographical investigation, involving field-work,which is a compulsory part of the examination.

[Information sourced from ncca.ie]

Exam Paper - Higher Level

  Section 1 Section 2

Higher Level

150 marks
Total time: 2 hours (120 minutes)

Short Questions: (60 Marks) 

Part 1 - 20 Short Questions
48 minutes

Structured and essay: (90 Marks)

Question 1:(30 Marks)

24 minutes

Question 2: (30 Marks)

24 minutes

Question 3: (30 Marks)

24 minutes

Ordinary Level

150 marks
Total time: 2 hours (120 minutes)

Short Questions (60 Marks)

Part One 20 Short Questions (40 Mins)

Structured and Essay (90 Marks)

Question 1 (30 Marks) 24 Minutes

Question 2 (30 Marks) 24 Minutes

Question 3 (30 Marks) 24 Minutes

 

 

 

Download Past State Exam Papers
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Exam Breakdown

Past Exam Breakdown Higher Level

Geography Junior Cert  Higher Level Topics- 2 hours  -150 marks total
 
SECTION 1 (60 MARKS)
ALL questions to be answered.
You have an either / or choice within 3 questions
SECTION 2 (90 MARKS) Answer THREE questions.
Duration 2 hours
YEAR 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005
Section A
  THE EARTH’S CRUST ROCKS THE EARTH’S CRUST ROCKS CRUSTAL PLATES CRUSTAL PLATES
  SOILS LIMESTONE FEATURES THE WORK OF RIVERS THE BURREN ROCKS MASS MOVEMENT
  RAINFALL RIVER EROSION AND DEPOSITION MASS MOVEMENT FEATURES OF GLACIAL EROSION MASS MOVEMENT RIVER PROCESSES
  THE EARTH AND ROCKS FISHING SOIL FEATURES OF SEA EROSION RIVERS OCEAN CURRENTS
  ROCKS ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES LIMESTONE GLOBAL WIND PATTERNS CLIMATE STATISTICS DEPRESSION
  WEATHER CHART CLIMATES WEATHER FARMING TEMPERATURE MAP THE WATER CYCLE
  STATISTICS THE WORK OF MOVING ICE HUMAN MIGRATION POPULATION CHANGE POPULATION CHANGE SOIL TYPES
  MEASURING WEATHER THE WORK OF THE SEA RECLAIMED LANDS HUMAN MIGRATION POPULATION STRUCTURE DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION (POPULATION CYCLE)
  MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS MEASURING WEATHER POPULATION DENSITIES GAS EMISSIONS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION (EU) GRAPH DRAWING URBAN GEOGRAPHY
  COASTS WEATHER INSTRUMENTS CRIME RATES PLACES IN THE WORLD SETTLEMENT URBAN FUNCTIONAL ZONES
  GLACIATION MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY FISHING INTERNATIONAL AID FUNCTIONAL ZONES WITHIN CITIES ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES
  DAYLIGHT TABLE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY WOMEN IN EMPLOYMENT PAST AND PRESENT SETTLEMENT ASPECTS OF SETTLEMENT CLIMATE
  GRAPH DRAWING BIRTH RATES AND DEATH RATES ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES TRAFFIC MOVEMENT TO AND FROM AN IRISH SETTLEMENT EXPLOITING IRELAND’S PEAT BOGS MEASURING WEATHER
  POPULATION DENSITY IN HONG KONG SETTLEMENT PATTERNS NORTH AND SOUTH RELATIONS ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES PRIMATE CITIES MIXED FARMING AS A SYSTEM
  POPULATION MOVEMENT ASPECTS OF POPULATION THE WATER CYCLE NON-RENEWABLE NATURAL RESOURCES SOIL. MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY
  PRIMARY ACTIVITY POPULATION CHANGE OVER TIME ENERGY TOOLS AND MACHINES USED IN IRELAND’S BOGS THE WATER CYCLE INDUSTRIAL LOCATION
  SOURCES OF ENERGY WESTERN EUROPE POPULATION MAKE UP INTERNATIONAL TRADE TYPES OF RAINFALL STREET MAP
  REGIONAL INEQUALITIES DEVELOPING WORLD ASPECTS OF POPULATION ORDNANCE SURVEY THE THIRD WORLD AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH
  TYPES OF SLOPES URBAN ZONES FARMING AS A SYSTEM ORDNANCE SURVEY ORDNANCE SURVEY - SLOPES ORDNANCE SURVEY 
  ORDNANCE SURVEY MAP BAR GRAPH URBAN GROWTH ORDNANCE SURVEY ORDNANCE SURVEY - GRID REFERENCES ORDNANCE SURVEY 
  ORDNANCE SURVEY MAP ORDNANCE SURVEY MAP ORDNANCE SURVEY MAP AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH AND ORDNANCE SURVEY ORDNANCE SURVEY - AREA ORDNANCE SURVEY 
  AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH ORDNANCE SURVEY MAP ORDNANCE SURVEY MAP      
  ORDNANCE SURVEY MAP AND AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH      
Section B
  1.The Earths Surface  1. RAINFALL, GLOBAL WARMING AND ACID RAIN 1. CLIMATE AND PEOPLE 1. RAINFALL AND DROUGHT 1. WEATHER, TOURISM AND INDUSTRIAL ACTIVITIES 1. CLIMATE AND TOURISM
  A-Mass Movement Relief Rainfall mountainous area annual precipitation Irish Weather “Altitude and Aspect can each affect the local climate of an area.”
  B-Weathering Acid Rain numbers of tourists large irrigation schemes Climate and Tourism “Climate makes some regions attractive to tourists”
  C-The Earth’s Crust Global Warming Climate and Development Some African countries Acid Rain “Large-scale tourism can cause major problems for busy tourist regions”.
  2. CLIMATE- 2. AGRICULTURE AND IRRIGATION 2. AGENTS OF EROSION 2. RIVERS 2. NATURAL RESOURCES, PROCESSES AND PEOPLE 2. SETTLEMENT AND URBAN PLANNING
  A-Type of climate An Irish Farm Feature of coastal erosion Feature of river erosion Weathering in the Burren influence population densities
  B-One climate Farming as a System Feature of coastal deposition Feature of river deposition Hydro Electric Scheme Northern Africa.
  C-Factors affecting climate Irrigation Coasts and People Rivers and People Depletion of a natural resource. Urban Renewal, Urban Redevelopment
  3. ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES 3.POPULATION, DEVELOPING WORLD CITIES AND BILATERAL AID Glaciation – The Work of Ice 3.GEOGRAPHICAL MIX 3.INEQUALITIES 3.NATURAL RESOURCES AND PEOPLE
  Fishing population pyramids Feature of glacial erosion Global Warming Life expectancy and child mortality rates. rock type
  Secondary Industry Developing World Feature of glacial deposition Population Change Cities of the South The Burren
  Ordnance Survey Map and Tourism bilateral aid Glaciation and People Irish Soil Types Inequalities within European states. fish stocks
  4. GEOGRAPHICAL MIX 4.GEOGRAPHICAL MIX 3.ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES Fold Mountains 4.GEOGRAPHICAL MIX 4.GEOGRAPHICAL MIX
  An Unequal World Earthquakes The depletion of a resource. 4.INDUSTRIAL LOCATION AND URBAN STUDIES The growth of cities Sea Erosion
  Functional Zones in Cities Tourism Manufacturing industry Industrial Location Aerial Photograph Glacial Erosion
  Population Human Migration International Trade Urban Renewal Factors which affect climate. Population Pyramids
  Rivers The aerial photograph 4.GEOGRAPHICAL MIX Urban Functions Human Migration Organised Migration
  5. AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH AND ORDNANCE SURVEY MAP 5.ORDNANCE SURVEY MAP An Irish cave 5.ORDNANCE SURVEY MAP AND AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH 5.ORDNANCE SURVEY MAP AND AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH War, Military Spending and Development
  Draw a sketch map Draw a sketch map Weather Ordnance Survey map. What is the direction 5.ORDNANCE SURVEY MAP AND AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH
  give grid references Estimate in square kilometres Population change. two different tourist attractions Explain why there is little or no settlement Ordnance Survey Map
  Two reasons
why coniferous plantations
why the town of Wicklow developed Urban matters. two different land-uses shown on the Aerial Photograph Killarney and its surrounding countryside is a popular tourist area. straight line distance in kilometres
      5. ORDNANCE SURVEY MAP AND AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH   Examine the aerial photograph why tourists may be attracted
      ORDNANCE SURVEY MAP     Aerial Photograph
      Draw a sketch map of      
      AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH      
      Use the ORDNANCE SURVEY MAP      

 

Past Exam Breakdown Ordinary Level

Geography Junior Cert  Ordinary Level Topics- 2 hours  -150 marks total
 
SECTION 1 (60 MARKS)
ALL questions to be answered.
You have an either / or choice within 3 questions
SECTION 2 (90 MARKS) Answer THREE questions.
Duration 2 hours
YEAR 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005
Section A
    The Earth’s Plates The Earth from Space The Earth s Crust Shaping the Earth - Rocks Inside the Earth
    Volcanoes Rock Surface Features Earth s Crustal Plates Shaping the Earth s Crust
    Rocks The Atmosphere Weathering Weathering Direction - Ireland
    Weathering River Features Volcanoes River Features Ireland s Capital
    Mass Movement Rocks Rocks Shaping the Earth s Surface- Coastal Features Coastal Features
    Chemical Weathering Movement in Geography Our Globe Glaciation Glaciation
    Ireland – Directions Ireland - Direction Coastal Features Population Migration Weather
    River Landforms Coastal Landforms deposition Glaciation Population  The Weather Station
    Glaciation Glacial Landforms - deposition Weather map The Restless Atmosphere-Weather The Importance of Water
    Coastal Landforms Ordnance Survey Map Direction with equal atmospheric pressure Measuring Rainfall
    Our Living Soil Economic Activities The Ulster Plantation Economic Activities The Water Cycle
    Climate Weather map Population growth Transport and Industry Ireland s Climate
    Weather Fronts Overpopulation Population density Leaching Population Pyramid
    Measuring the Weather Buildings Climate Types The Irish Road network Migration
    Population Studies Footloose Industry Function Direction Foreign Visitors to Ireland
    Economic Activity – Factories The Composition of Soil Street map locations Ordnance Survey Extract Energy
    Economic Activity - Transport Ordnance Survey Maps Urban Geography Settlement Tertiary Activities
    Statistical Diagrams – Fishing Ordnance Survey Map Economic Activities Housing Fish Stocks in Irish Waters
    Grid References Forest Destruction Statistical Diagrams Primary Economic Activities Urban Areas
    Map Skills Energy Ordnance Survey Studies Statistical Diagrams The Aerial Photograph of Mullingar
    Urban Geography Settlement Grid References Grid References Ordnance Survey Extract
    Aid to Developing Countries Aerial Photograph The Developing World Aid to the South Ordnance Survey Extract
    Aerial Photograph Migration Land Values in Cities Women at Work Ordnance Survey Extract
Section B
    1. SHAPING THE EARTH’S SURFACE 1. PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY 1. PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY 1. SHAPING THE EARTH’S SURFACE 1. SHAPING THE EARTH’S SURFACE
    Landforms Landforms Rock two features of Coastal Erosion river erosion/deposition
    Earthquakes Rivers and Uses Rivers River Erosion THREE ways in which people use rivers.
    Extracting Rocks Rivers and Problems Rivers and People Humans and Rivers Rivers can also create problems for people.
    2. ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES 2. ORDNANCE SURVEY MAP 2. SOIL 2. EXPLOITING NATURAL RESOURCES 2. AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH
    Farming as a System Draw a sketch-map Carefully study this map Peat Bogs Mark and identify
    Energy Resources – Oil and Gas two reasons why Galway developed main ingredients of soil Stages in the Harvesting of Bogs & Newer Technology TWO reasons why traffic congestion
    Tourism Write a letter inviting a friend for a holiday Soil is important in farming Over-fishing TWO of the services available in Mullingar
    3.ORDNANCE SURVEY MAP 3.FACTORY AS A SYSTEM 3.AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH 3. ORDNANCE SURVEY MAP 3. ORDNANCE SURVEY MAP
    Draw a sketch map factory that you have studied Draw a sketch map Draw a sketch map mark and identify
    Measure the distance in kilometres two reasons why the factory you have named developed a place on the photograph where you would like to live three tourist activities or attractions Transport
    ONE advantage and ONE disadvantage for building the hotel here. two ways in which industries can damage the environment what time of year was this picture Itwo reasons for the choice of this site. describe TWO important tourist attractions
    4.AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH – Wicklow 4.AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH 4.ORDNANCE SURVEY MAP 4.AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH – KILLARNEY 4. A FACTORY AS A SYSTEM
    Draw a sketch map Draw a sketch-map of Draw a sketch map Draw a sketch map TWO inputs, TWO processes and ONE output
    to locate one of your factories in this area describe two of the major areas of different land-use Drogheda is an old town to improve the town. Describe two things you would suggest describe THREE reasons why it has developed at its present location
    Human Migration three of the main services one advantage and one disadvantage of building a Shopping Centre at this location Name and locate three services provided by the town TWO ways in which a factory may cause damage to the environment.
    5.GEOGRAPHICAL MIX 5.GEOGRAPHICAL MIX 5.GEOGRAPHICAL MIX 5.A GEOGRAPHICAL MIX 5.A GEOGRAPHICAL MIX
      POLLUTION EARTHQUAKES Restless Atmosphere Fossil Fuels and Energy
    Temperature CLIMATE STUDIES RICH WORLD – POOR WORLD Earthquakes The Importance of Water
    Aid to Developing Countries POPULATION POPULATION STUDIES Protecting our Environment Development in Cities
    Our Environment SHANTY TOWNS   An Unequal World Women in the Work Force in Ireland

 

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